The findings have significance for developing strategies to limit the spread of ash dieback. The research suggests that is is possible that several strains of H. fraxineus could be found in any particular group of ash trees and rapid evolution of the fungus could occur.
This could result in more ash species being susceptible to the disease and the disease could evolve in such a way that other species in the Oleaceae family (privet, lilac and olive) could become susceptible.
This article from 2016 explains the discoveries in more detail with pictures.
Text provided by Ben Jump, retired forester/arboriculturalist based in Scotland.